Hive Bits

Here’s the basic components of a hive, which I thought might be useful to see under the hood.

This is a “National” hive, a standard and popular hive in the UK, but there are many hive variations, developed over nations and generations of bee keeping.
This hive is made of cedar which is a light weight wood, weathers well, smells lovely and looks top notch.

 Hive Stand: To pick the hive off the ground, preventing moisture and allowing the Varroa floor to function

Varroa Floor: A grilled floor, which allows Varroa groomed off bees to fall out of the hive, and onto open ground (exiting the hive). Note the tray at the back of the floor, which allows the collection of falling Varroa out of the hive, and so monitoring of varroa levels.

Brood box: A large rectangular box with rails. Around 10 frames with the wax honey comb fit inside the brood box, the frames containing largely eggs, larvae, and pupae. The queen lives in the brood box, laying eggs. A Brood box of this size can contain a colony of around 50,000 bees, though additional brood boxes can be added, giving the colony room to grow.

Queen excluder: A grill which separates the brood box from the supers. It prevents the queen from accessing the supers, so that eggs are only laid in one controlled area.

Supers: Supers are additional rectangular boxes with rails, and are shallower than Brood boxes. Around 10 frames go into supers, and these frames hold honey. Honey filled frames can be heavy, so the super is shallower to reduce the overall weight, simplifying hive inspections.

Crown board: The crown board tops the hive, to prevent bees accessing this way. The holes can generally be covered over, but can be useful to allow bees access to the top of the hive.

Roof: The roof tops the hove off, prevents water from entering the hive, and bees accessing thie hive from this way.

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